H. Wang, F. Li, D. Kufer, W. Yu, E. Alarousu, C. Ma, Y. Li, Z. Liu, C. Liu, N. Wei, Y. Chen, F. Wang,
arXiv.org, e-Print Arch., Condens. Matter, (2016)
Organolead trihalide perovskites have drawn substantial interest for applications in photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices due to their low processing cost and remarkable physical properties. However, perovskite thin films still suffer from low carrier mobility, limiting their device performance and application potential. Here we report that embedding single-walled carbon nanotubes into halide perovskite films can significantly enhance the hole and electron mobilities to record-high values of 595.3 and 108.7 cm2 V-1 s-1, respectively. In the ambipolar phototransistors with such hybrid channels, photo-carriers generated in the light-absorbing perovskite matrix are transported by the carbon nanotubes, leading to ultrahigh detectivity of 6 * 1014 Jones and responsivity of 1 * 104 A W-1. We find that the perovskite precursor in dimethylformamide solution serve as an excellent stabilizer for the dispersion of carbon nanotubes, which potentially extend the scope of applications of perovskites in solution-processed functional composites. The unprecedented high performances underscore the perovskite/carbon nanotubes hybrids as an emerging class of functional materials in optoelectronic and other applications.