Y. Gong, Z. Kan, W. Xu, Y. Wang, S.H. AlShammari, F. Laquai, W.-Y. Lai, W. Huang
Sol. RRL, volume 2, issue 10, 1800120, (2018)
Nonfullerene acceptors, Organic photovoltaics, Polymer solar cells, Small molecular acceptors, Widebandgap acceptors
Narrow‐bandgap small molecular acceptors (SMAs) with absorption extending into the near‐infrared spectral region such as ITIC derivatives are widely investigated, while the development of their wide‐bandgap counterparts remains largely unexplored. Wide‐bandgap non‐fullerene acceptors (NFAs) are highly desirable and beneficial for constructing efficient device layouts such as ternary blend and tandem solar cells that require multiple light‐harvesting materials with different regions of absorption. In this contribution, the design and synthesis of two wide‐bandgap SMAs (IDT‐TBA and IDDT‐TBA), consisting of a weak electron‐withdrawing moiety (1,3‐diethyl‐2‐thiobarbituric acid, TBA) is presented. Compared to ITIC, this molecular design strategy results in energetically down‐shifted HOMO levels and hence much enlarged bandgaps of 1.91 eV for IDT‐TBA and 1.78 eV for IDDT‐TBA, respectively. Further photovoltaic performance evaluation demonstrates power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 6.5% for IDT‐TBA and 7.5% for IDDT‐TBA, respectively, when using PBDB‐T as the electron donor polymer. In addition, time‐delayed collection field (TDCF) experiments suggest that both IDT‐TBA and IDDT‐TBA based cells exhibit field‐independent charge generation with external charge generation efficiencies exceeding 90%, implying negligible geminate recombination losses. The results demonstrate that TBA units are promising and attractive building blocks as weak electron‐withdrawing acceptors to construct wide‐bandgap high‐efficiency SMAs for efficient organic photovoltaic devices.