M.I. Nugraha, H. Kim, B. Sun, S. Desai, F.P. Garcia de Arquer, E.H. Sargent, H.N. Alshareef, D. Baran
Adv. Energy Mater, (2019)
Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are attractive materials for thermoelectric applications due to their simple and low‐cost processing; advantageously, they also offer low thermal conductivity and high Seebeck coefficient. To date, the majority of CQD thermoelectric films reported upon have been p‐type, while only a few reports are available on n‐type films. High‐performing n‐ and p‐type films are essential for thermoelectric generators (TEGs) with large output voltage and power. Here, high‐thermoelectric‐performance n‐type CQD films are reported and showcased in high‐performance all‐CQD TEGs. By engineering the electronic coupling in the films, a thorough removal of insulating ligands is achieved and this is combined with excellent surface trap passivation. This enables a high thermoelectric power factor of 24 µW m−1 K−2, superior to previously reported n‐type lead chalcogenide CQD films operating near room temperature (<1 µW m−1 K−2). As a result, an all‐CQD film TEG with a large output voltage of 0.25 V and a power density of 0.63 W m−2 at ∆T = 50 K is demonstrated, which represents an over fourfold enhancement to previously reported p‐type only CQD TEGs.