Xu Lu, Ph.D.


Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering

Selected Publications

  • In situ observation of the pH gradient near the gas diffusion electrode of CO2 reduction in alkaline electrolyte
    X. Lu, C. Zhu, Z. Wu, J. Xuan, J. S. Francisco*, and H. Wang*
    Journal of the American Chemical Society, 142.36, 15438-15444, 2020
  • Acid-base interaction enhancing oxygen tolerance in electrocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction
    P. Li, X. Lu*, Z. Wu, Y. Wu, R. Malpass-Evans, N. B. McKeown, X. Sun*, and H. Wang*
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 59.27, 10918-10923, 2020
  • An integrated CO2 electrolyzer and formate fuel cell enabled by a reversibly restructuring Pb‐Pd bimetallic catalyst
    X. Lu, Y. Wu, X. Yuan, and H. Wang*
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 58.12 (2019) 4031-4035
  • Domino electroreduction of CO2 to methanol on a molecular catalyst
    Y. Wu, Z. Jiang, X. Lu, Y. Liang*, and H. Wang*
    Nature, 575.7784, 639-642, 2019
  • A bio-inspired O2-tolerant catalytic CO2 reduction electrode
    X. Lu, Z. Jiang, X. Yuan, Y. Wu, R. M.-Evans, Y. Zhong, Y. Liang*, N. B. McKeown*, and H. Wang*
    Science Bulletin, 64.24, 1890-1895, 2019 
  • High-performance electrochemical CO2 reduction cells based on non-noble metal catalysts
    X. Lu, Y. Wu, X. Yuan, L. Huang, Z. Wu, J. Xuan, Y. Wang, and H. Wang*
    ACS Energy Letters, 3.10, 2527-2532, 2018
  • A counter-flow-based dual-electrolyte protocol for multiple electrochemical applications
    X. Lu, Y. Wang, D. Y. C. Leung*, J. Xuan*, and H. Wang
    Applied Energy, 217, 241-248, 2018
  • A switchable pH-differential unitized regenerative fuel cell with high performance
    X. Lu, J. Xuan, D. Y. C. Leung*, H. Zou, J. Li, H. Wang, and H. Wang*
    Journal of Power Sources, 314: 76-84, 2016
  • A pH-differential dual-electrolyte microfluidic electrochemical cells for CO2 utilization
    X. Lu, D. Y. C. Leung*, H. Wang, M. M. Maroto-Valer, and J. Xuan
    Renewable Energy, 95, 277-285, 2016
  • Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to formic acid
    X. Lu, D. Y. C. Leung*, H. Wang, M. K. H. Leung, and J. Xuan
    1.5, 836-849, 2014


  • 2017: Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong
  • 2013: MSc, Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong
  • 2012: BEng, Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong

Professional Profile

  • 2020-present: Assistant Professor, KAUST, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
  • 2017-2020: Postdoctoral Fellow, Yale University, USA


  • Senior Reviewer Award - The IAFOR International Conference
  • Best Papers Award - 9th International Conference on Applied Energy
  • Croucher Fellowship for Postdoctoral Research - Hong Kong Croucher Foundation
  • Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions Seal of Excellence 2018

KAUST Affiliations

  • Clean Combustion Research Center (CCRC)
  • KAUST Solar Center (KSC)
  • Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE)

Research Interests Keywords

electrochemistry CO2 conversion water electrolysis Reactor In-situ characterization